Health Services Research (HSR) Methods
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Dependent Variable

The outcome or criterion of interest. In a causal model the cause typically is an explanatory variable and the effect is the dependent variable. Dependent variables often are denoted as Y in regression models.

Further Reading
Dowd, B. and R. Town. Does X Really Cause Y? September 2002. Available at http://www.hsrmethods.org/files/FileDownloads/DoesXCauseY.pdf .

Campbell, D. and J. Stanley. 1963. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research, Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.