Health Services Research (HSR) Methods
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Artifactual Association

An apparent but false association between two variables that results from chance occurrence or bias in a study's methods.

Further Reading
Strom, B.L. ''Sexual Activity and Cardiac Risk: Overview of Epidemiologic Research Methods,.'' American Journal of Cardiology Vol. 86, No. 2A, 2000, pp.5F-9F.

Jackson, R. et al. ''Alcohol and Ischaemic Heart Disease:Probably No Free Lunch.'' The Lancet Vol. 366, 9501, 2005, pp.1911-1912.

Westhoff, C.L. ''Epidemioloic Studies: Pitfalls in Interpretation, Dialogues in Contraception.'' Vol. 4, 1995, pp.5-6, 8.

Healey, J.F. 2002. Statistics: A Tool for Social Data Research, Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomas Learning.

Wooldridge, J.M. 2003. Introductory Econometrics, Mason, OH: Thomas South-Western.